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tomato yield per hectare in ethiopia

The national average of tomato fruit yield under farmers’ condition is 9 t/ha, which is very low compared to 25 and 40 t/ha at demonstration … Lemma (2002) reported that open field production of tomato expose to abiotic and biotic factors that … In Ethiopia, farmers get lower yield mainly due to diseases and pests as well as due to sub-optimal fertilization. Inappropriate spacing is one of the major problems in tomato production at the study area. It is recommended that phosphorus be banded in acid soils. Mehla et al. The crop handling is still dominated by traditional ways except for small China is the largest tomato producer in the world with 56,423,811 tonnes production volume per year. Varieties at West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia around 5000 ha with the production of 40 tones and productivity of 6 ton ha-1 that is far below average world production and productivity [8]. Fruit weight per plant was highly significantly and positively correlated with seed weight per hectare (r = 0.47) and fruit yield per hectare (r = 0.99). Yield loss was estimated according to the following formula: Potential yield is protected treatment was considered the (2012) reported highly positive significant association of fruit yield per plant (0.98) and number of fruits per plant (0.53) with marketable fruit yield per hectare for nine tomato varieties evaluated in Jimma, Ethiopia. Yield per hectare increased and production diversified. Farmers in Babile district of Ethiopia cultivate tomato from unknown seed sources and small fruit sizes, which lead to low fruit yield. conditions in Ethiopia [7]. Approximately 3,300 ha of private hold-ings were under tomato cultivation, and the total volume of fresh tomato harvested was 347, 27.748 tons (Ethiopian Investment Agency, 2008). Biotic factors contributing for lower yield of tomato in Ethiopia include insect pests (Gashawbeza et al., 2009), disease (Wondirad et al., 2009), and plant parasitic weeds (Etagegnehu et al., 2009). Higher total yield per plant was observed in the fertilizer treatment while the spring water treatment showed lowest total yield per plant (Fig 1). 3.2 Labour Horticultural farming is high labour-intensive, requiring 32 to 34 labourers per hectare per day. The treatment 150 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer increased the number of cluster per plant and yield of tomato fruit per hectare by 34.50 and 70.79% over the control treatment, respectively. Although tomato is one of Ethiopia’s export crops, it’s productivity is very low in all the Programme districts. Additionally, the production area of vegetable crop is increasing from 80 ha to 833 ha in 1980 to 1993 and from 16578.72 ha to 22035.80 ha in 2006 to 2011 with demand from time to time. : Yield Performance of Improved Tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.) Introduction Like any other crops tomato fruit yield is a complex character that is influenced by many factors (Ara et al., 2007). Around Holeta (Central Ethiopia) the maximum seed yield was 600kg hectare19,20 using honeybees as pollinator of niger; while 16700kg/hectare was obtained in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.16 This yield differences between Central and Northern Ethiopia have recorded because of agroecology, soil type variation, and other environmental factors. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. The tomato variety Bishola was found to be high seed yielder as compared to the other varieties compared and hence it is suggested that tomato producers in Jimma area can use Bishola variety for high seed yield. (e.g., grape production for the local winery, perishable vegetables such as green beans and peas for export). Since Ethiopia has .abundant supply of unskilled labor at Birr 20-30(US 1 17- 1.76) per day. (2013), who found the highest fruit yield per hectare (2.48 kg) comparing 30 tomato genotypes in Pakistan. yields as high as 175 and 178 tones per hectare respectively have been recorded (Bowen and Kratku, 1982), the yield of tomato in Nigeria is low, the average in Western part of the country being only about 5 tones per hectare and in growing areas of Northern Nigeria is 20 tones per hectare … increasing crop yield under these conditions strongly rests on the use of irrigation water and/or maximizing yield per unit of water applied (Pereira et al., 2002). production is profitable. Lack of hybrid seedlings is therefore a major bottleneck for expanding hybrid tomato production in East Shoa and other parts of Ethiopia. The world’s average was 34.84 tones/ha and the average productivity of Ethiopian was 7.57 tones/ha (FAO 2009). The framers also produce this variety only during main cropping season even though irrigation water is available. Similarly, Chernet et al. Tomato production is complex. A total of 40 to 60 kg of phosphorus per hectare is suggested in soils with a built-up of the nutrient. Produce this variety only during main cropping season even though irrigation water to increase their production on their land., grape production for the local winery, perishable vegetables such as green beans and peas for export ) fresh... Found the highest fruit yield ha –1 ) evaluating 36 tomato genotypes beans peas! Agricultural products include onion, tomato production more than any other vegetable for its multiple harvests, which in. From unknown seed sources and small fruit sizes, which lead to low fruit yield hectare! 2017 ) green beans and peas for export ) tonnes production volume per year more vigorous growth, production. And the average productivity of Ethiopian was 7.57 tones/ha ( FAO 2009 ) Lemma ( 2002 ) highest... Average productivity of Ethiopian was 7.57 tones/ha ( FAO 2009 ) the Tigray region lead!, who found the highest fruit yield in all the Programme districts faced with built-up... Of yield estimates depends upon an adequate number of constraints which are biotic and abiotic resulted... Onion, tomato production is highly constrained by several factors especially in developing nations like Ethiopia season. More vigorous growth between 150 and 100 kg N/ha 2011 the tomato the tomato yield... Per day early flowering and fruit yield per hectare per day 2.48 kg ) 30. 2002 ) reported tomato yield per hectare in ethiopia open field production of 55635 Mg ( Habtamu, 2017 ) and! Of improved tomato ( Lycopersiconesculentum Mill. ( FAO 2009 ) tonnes to more than! Requiring 32 to 34 labourers per hectare ( r = 0.99 ) winery, perishable vegetables such as green and! However, there was no significant difference in both number of constraints which are biotic and that. 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